A brief history of economic development in China Until 1911, China was an imperial country, ruled by emperors who had total control over "The Middle Kingdom". Normally speaking, plain areas encourage higher density of population as compared to mountain regions. Major factors influencing the distribution and density of population are described as under: 1. Factors Affecting Population Distribution Population Distribution: refers to how people are spread across the land. There are many factors contributing to the unbalanced population distribution, including natural condition, social and economic development, and transportation infrastructure. The main factors that affect distribution of population are natural resources, climatic conditions, soils, cultural factors, age of human settlement, industrial development and means of transport and communication. SocialAreas will have a high population density if they are located close to good communications links. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. Geographers are not unanimous in their opinion that the distribution of population is determined mainly by physical factors. Similarly, when the Government of India announced that no licenses would be issued to start new industries or to expand existing industries in Greater Mumbai, the flow of migrants into that metropolis was expected to be arrested at least to some extent. Factors affecting Population Distribution There are several factors that affect the population distribution in India: 1. Many industries have to be set up in proximity with the consumers of their products; conversely, wherever population concentration is great, such industries are set up. Over the past couple of decades Japan has experienced a significant decrease in the population. African tribesmen, who lived in their own self-sufficient economies, initially had no incentive to work on wages for European enterprises. Initially, sources of energy and mineral resources became the force of industrial growth and population concentration. World population distribution is uneven. Population distribution is about how people are spread across the earth. If links between cities and towns are poor, then … population distribution density and growth; class-12; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. It should, however, not be concluded that the highest densities are always to be found in areas with the longest history of habitation. One cannot, therefore, isolate the influence of any one factor on population distribution. Skip navigation Sign in. 2. On the other hand, population distribution within a country is not as easily controlled because, in most countries, citizens have the constitutional right to decide the place of residence within a country. Places which are densely populated contain many people. Resources: Types of Resources. Factors Affecting Rainfall Distribution: Moisture supply to the atmosphere is the main factor in determining the amount of rainfall in any region. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. It is the average number of the children born in a country compared to the rest of the population. This lesson deals with distribution of population, factors affecting it's distribution, population change, patterns of population change and population composition. Marketing intermediaries refers to resellers, physical distribution firms, marketing services agencies, and financial intermediaries. People prefer to live in comfortable climates where there is enough rainfall and no temperature extremes. The river valleys may promote or restrict human settle­ments depending upon other geographic conditions. In Egypt, nearly 98 per cent of the population is concentrated forming a ribbon along the Nile River. Large towns have grown up in inaccessible and extremely inhospitable areas such as deserts, Polar Regions or in the midst of forests where precious minerals and metals have been found. Population growth is a global priority because of the problems posed by the demographic explosion of recent years. In addition to government policies, political events have also caused redistribution of population throughout human history. Content Filtrations 6. Some are of the view that social and economic factors are more important than physical factors, and that, as society becomes more complex, these physical factors become less important in determining population distribution. Sites of water power are also able to attract population, though not to the same extent as minerals, because electricity can be transmittal over long distances, and industries do not have to be set up at the place where electricity is generated. Tropical forests, savanna, tundra and taiga provide different media for human occupation and concentration. The major soil factors which influence the microbial population, distribution and their activity in … Copyright 10. Agriculture. In addition, the cost of transportation and of constructing, maintaining and operating agricultural equipment, is high; and the high altitude also adversely affects human activity. Some areas have a high population density while others have a low population density. Great civilizations of the world have almost invariably flourished on good fertile alluvial soils. A country with 30 births per 1000 people has a birth rate of (30/1000) x 100 = 3%. Frigid regions have very low evaporation hence […] What are the Factors Affecting Urban-Rural Population Distribution? As against this, in the high latitude areas, it becomes extremely difficult to live beyond a few hundred metres from sea level. For example, in some islands, most people live near the coast and few live in the interior. The fertile alluvial and deltaic soils can support dense populations. All these factors are usually inter-related. Factors affecting population distribution/density Dubai is a thriving settlement in the midst of the desert. When we study population distribution we examine why some places have populations which are more tightly packed than others. Content Guidelines In the latter part of the nineteenth century rich mineral deposits were discovered in Africa. TOS Relief features also play an important role in influencing population distribution. The main concentrations of human population are confined to the areas marked with flat topography. Type of Economic Activity: In rural areas, most people make direct use of the surrounding land to support themselves through agriculture, hunting and mining; if land cannot support its population, the surplus moves out. Share. Factors affecting population density, group size and territory size of the European badger, Meles meles. These, in turn, provide contrasting environment for a variety of agricultural activities, and hence, lead to different population density. As water is essential for human survival, population distribution is largely determined by rainfall and other sources of water supply like rivers, wells, etc. Start studying Factors Affecting Population distribution. Factors affecting population growth. Species distribution is the manner in which a biological taxon is spatially arranged. Progress in science and technology has greatly augmented man’s ability to adapt to different climatic conditions. IB DP Geography - Factors affecting population distribution (global scale) Part 1 – Physical Factors Identify the image from the first column, give it a suitable factor title and then explain how it influences population distribution. In the mountainous areas valleys provide suitable locations for human settlements. ← Prev Question Next Question → 0 votes . Factors affecting Distribution of Population 1.1 Introduction Population distribution is the spatial pattern of the dispersal of populations, formation of agglomerations, linear spreads of population, etc. Most of the densely populated areas of the world have a very long history of human habitation, while sparse population in certain areas can in part be explained in terms of its recent habitation. Same geographic conditions provide different opportunities for people with different types and scale of economic activities. The study of population distribution and its influencing factors is one of the key fields within population geography. Hans Kruuk. In rural areas, most people make direct use of the surrounding land to support themselves through agriculture, hunting and mining; if land cannot support its population, the surplus moves out. Africa provides an example of how international labour movements took place because of the demand for labour which could not be met within the continent itself. The availability of jobs also affects population. As against this, in tropical swamps and dissected plateaus, river valleys tend to repel population. On the other hand, in urban areas, people do not depend on land for sustenance and, therefore, can live in one area, though they depend on products from other areas. Duration of human settlements is an important determinant of the magnitude of population concen­tration in any area. Population distribution is affected by environmental factors, natural resources, proximity to water and the ability to grow or obtain food. Job Opportunities. Factors Affecting Population Density 10 lessons • 2h 7m . The deltas in India and Indo-China and the Nile Valley provide examples of this type of rich soil. Abstract and Figures The study of population distribution and its influencing factors is one of the key fields within population geography. Citation: Chen Y, Yang X, Yang Q, Li D, Long W, et al. The other reason why industries are set up is population centres is the availability of cheap labour; the location (if such industries, therefore, attracts more persons in search of employment opportunities, and thus leads to a concentration of the population. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. D. Human factors affecting population density: economic development. Tim Parish. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Banchory, Scotland. These economic activities include wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing, finance and business, and even Government and medical services as well as communication. Terrain: Terrain of land is a potent factor which influences the concentration and growth of population. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Banchory, Scotland. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity. On the other hand, in some areas all the factors appear to be favourable to high population concentration. These are the people that help the company promote, sell, and distribute its products to final buyers. Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. There is a great deal of interaction among the three types of facto which makes it difficult for us to identify one type of factor being exclusively responsible for a particular pattern of population distribution. What are the Factors affecting the distribution of insolation? The cases of Java and the Amazon basin also serve to refute deterministic stance of relationship between climate and population distribution. The factors that caused the pattern of population distribution are numerous however there are a few general but important ones. Equatorial and rest of the tropical region have highest evaporation and hence highest supply of moisture. Antarctica. Growing commercial activities, for instance, in the developing world, accompanied by improvements in transport network, have resulted in considerable redistribution of population and emergence of mega urban centres. In the Northern Hemisphere, extreme cold conditions in the high latitude areas have prevented human habitation. The Climate of the Area- if the area is grassland or forested then it has a low population density because these areas are prone to rainfall. Coastal plains and interior plateaus where crops grow well, animals can be reared and raw materials for industries can be found tend to have high population densities Transport networks are easy to build due to gentle and undulating landscape Areas that experience extremely low or high temperatures tend to be sparsely populated 1. For instance, in a mountainous region, population density is low because the area of arable land is limited, and it is difficult to maintain even the existing arable land. Factors Affecting Distribution, Activity and Population of Soil Microorganisms Soil microorganisms (Flora & Fauna), just like higher plants depends entirely on soil for their nutrition, growth and activity. It is only in some exceptional areas like those with extremely cold climate that the factor of climate itself determines population growth. Most countries have strict laws governing immigration, and can, therefore, control the size as well as the internal distribution of their populations. The nature of the terrain is also an important geographic feature determining population distribution. Writing about the distribution of population in pre-partition India on the basis of the 1941 census, Kingsley Davis observes: “In other words, the region’s population is heavily concentrated in the well-watered river and coastal plains.”. In countries such as Dominica and Guyana, forests, rugged terrain and rivers deter settlements in vast areas of the country, forcing people to occupy a relatively small geographic area of their total land space. Some of the geographers in past have, therefore, gone to the extent of claiming a deterministic relationship between climate and population distribution. Search for more papers by this author . Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Banchory, Scotland. Social Factors 3. The existing population distribution sometimes acts as a demographic factor which attracts the setting up of certain industries, which in turn results in further development of the area and encourages concentration of population. Factors affecting Population Distribution. Over the past couple of decades Japan has experienced a significant decrease in the population. Today, beater: of cheap means of transport, it may be possible for industries to be set up in places that are naturally deficient in raw materials. According to him, a little more than 56 per cent of the world’s population lives within 200 metres from the sea level, and over 80 per cent within 500 metres. Factors Affecting Academic Performance For students it is natural to be curious about the factors that influence their performance in school. Notice that … Moreover, other physical factors like latitude and altitude also operate on population distribution through climatic conditions. La Paz, the highest city in the world (3,640 m) and the capital of Bolivia, owes its existence to this factor. Global factors affecting business The way of running the business differs from country to country. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. When the Government of India set i steel plants in the public sector at Durgapur, Rourkela people were attracted to these “steel towns” for employment. 2. FACTORS AFFECTING DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION. Physical factors that affect population density include water supply, climate, relief (shape of the land), vegetation, soils and availability of natural resources and energy. Fresh Water. Geography: Class 8 NCERT Summary for UPSC CSE Aspirants. Content Guidelines 2. The main factors that affect distribution of population are natural resources, climatic conditions, soils, cultural factors, age of human settlement, industrial development and means of transport and communication. relationship. This video is unavailable. Answer the question as per the instructions. A young population and high fertility rate may cause birth rates to be high; Life expectancy - the number of years an average person in a country is expected to live. Based on this, some scholars have talked about cycle of occupation, whereby size and densities of population first increase and then decline only to be followed by another cycle of increase. In this article, we specifically explore how natural factors (resource and geographical factors) … These factors operate not in isolation but in combination with each other. Mountains in Africa and Latin America are much healthier than plains, and large cities have sprung up at high altitude. The industrial revolution has resulted in considerable change in population distribution in many parts of the world. What do you think are some factors that 2.2 Factors Affecting Population Distribution The main factors determining population distribution are : climate, landforms, topography, soil, energy and mineral resources, accessibility like distance from sea coast, natural harbours, navigable rivers or Among the many kinds of minerals, coal was the first to be used as a source of both heat and motive power, and soon became a symbol of man’s control over nature. Factors Influencing Population Distribution. It is in this context that a famous population geographer has referred to “mountains that attract and mountains that repel”. Lesson 10 of 10 • 1536 upvotes • 12:33 mins. Sparsely populated places tend to be difficult places to live. Geographical Factors 2. Industrialization and discovery of new sources of minerals and energy resources have, throughout human history, brought about redistribution of population through migration. it also deals with the Occupational distribution of population.These are all topics often seen in Economics in the gce , gcse and gce A level.Definition : Geographical distribution of population refers to how the population is distributed in various localities. The factors affecting distribution of population are described below one by one in a nutshell manner. Location of coal, the most important fuel in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was the main factor behind industrial conurbation and dense population concen­tration in Western Europe. Further, the interplay between these determinants is generally very complex. asked Apr 30 in Population - Distribution, Density and Growth by Ruhi01 (69.4k points) Explain the factors influencing population density distribution in the world. Another way of relating the population to the land which the people occupy is population distribution. During the more recent times, government policies and political factors have emerged as an important determinant of population patterns. There are many factors contributing to the unbalanced population distribution, including natural condition, social and economic development, and transportation infrastructure. The concentration of communities has accelerated the growth of populations. Climate affects population distribution both directly as well as indirectly through its effects on soil, vegetation and agriculture that have direct bearings on the pattern of population distribution. Migration influences population distribution within a country, for people migrate to large industrial centres in search of employment opportunities, thus bringing about population redistribution. 1. The map above shows that world population distribution is uneven. In association with climatic conditions, varying soil types give rise to variety of vegetation cover on the earth surface. Privacy Policy 8. Population density: this is how tightly packed people are in a certain area. These factors provide the necessary explanation for particular patterns of population distribution are generally grouped into three categories: (1) Geographical factor (2) Economic and social factors; and (3) Demographic factors. Places which are densely populated are … Birth rate - the number of births per 1000 people. The concentration of population in urban areas is a result of diverse economic activities which cam be carried out in these areas. The mining areas, therefore, lacked a sufficient labour force, and most of the workers had to come from other areas, either of the same country or from adjoining countries, and sometimes even from distant countries. A poorly developed economy is often unable to support large populations and people end up living in poor housing (e.g. Cultural Factors 4. Physical factors include shape and height of the land, resources, and climate. It is, therefore, important to note that the influences of all the physical factors outlined above operate through a series of economic, social and political factors in the area concerned. The location of a certain place in relation to other areas is another geographic factor which determines how far it will be able to attract population and support it. Apart from the factors discussed above, historical processes should also be taken into account while explaining the patterns of population distribution. High altitude in general imposes an ultimate physiological limit upon human existence due to reduced atmospheric pressure and low oxygen content. (2014) Factors Affecting the Distribution Pattern of Wild Plants with Extre mely Small Populations in Hainan Island, China. Parts of North Africa and Mesopotamia, the Yucatan peninsula and eastern Sri Lanka are some such examples. Kalgoorlie, a gold mining town in the Australian deserts, is a very good example in this regard. Migration, on the other hand, is the most important demographic variable influencing population distribution. Geographical Factors 2. While Java is one of the most densely parts of the world, the Amazon basin is marked with a very sparse population. Copyright. The following points highlight the seven main factors affecting population of living organisms. amongst Muslim and Catholic communication 1.2 - 1.2.1 Overpopulation= exceeding carrying capacity and a shortage of resources Population growth is influenced by various factors and dynamics that are manifested at global and local scales and have led to the distribution of the current population. The primary task of a population geographer, therefore, is to explain the irregularities in population distribution in terms of the influences of all these factors as an integral part of a dynamic process (Clarke, 1972:14). These are usually places with hostile environments e.g. An approximate estimate has been made of the proportion of the world’s soil that is fit for cultivation in the present times. Factors affecting Population Distribution There are several factors that affect the population distribution in India: 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However, the influence of mineral and energy resources on population distribution depends upon a wide range of social and economic factors such as market demand, capital for development, availability of labour supply and trans­portation network. Moreover, progress in technology can alter the effectiveness of soil types on population concentration to a greater extent. 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