But Ethiopia would go to war and win the 1895 Battle of Adwa, against Italy in order to defend its territorial sovereignty. The British rushed to Cairo. Through the colonization of Egypt, Britain gained control of the Suez Canal, a major part of the world trade routes. Five years after Egypt’s colonization, Britain created the British Somaliland (Somalia History). The new international boundaries were “drawn by Europeans, for Europeans,” and paid littl… At first, in what was called a veiled protectorate, Britain managed the Egyptian budget, took over the training of its military, and (although it had no legal authority to do so) basically ran Egypt through a series of commissions designed to protect British investments. This means that when England had a war between another country, Egypts armies would help the British to win. The British takeover of Egypt was an example of British expansionism. There was also an attempt in 513 BC to establish a Greek colony between Cyrene and Carthage, which resulted in the combined local and Carthaginian expulsion two years later of the Greek colonists. The British occupation started in 1882 as a result of the immense debt that Egypt had accrued to European powers, bankers and investors, and its influence continued up to the 1952 revolution. For the preceding 40 years, Egypt had lived as a free state – ruled, on paper, by the British government, but in practice allowed to live under the rule of its own leaders and to practice its own faiths. First of all when they took over Egypt, Egypt became proctectorate. Britain negotiated with local tribe leaders to gain more land. BRITISH COLONIZATION 1900 - 1920 Continued negative feelings toward the British Britain declares Egypt a protectorate and orders all foreign vessels out of Suez Canal Ottomans defeated Britain grants Egypt a constitution Timeline of Egyptian Colonization BRITISH COLONIZATION 1880 Under Egypt's Pharaoh Amasis (570–526 BC) a Greek mercantile colony was established at Naucratis, some 50 miles from the later Alexandria. Although the idea that Egypt would become a British colony was regarded by most as being highly fanciful. They funded the Suez Canal and steadily increased their economic base in the country. It was the French who were thought to be the most active in the North Africa region. From 1882-1922, Britain formally occupied Egypt and controlled its government. British interest in Egypt developed during the American Civil War. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. Instead of leaving Egypt to its people, Britain decided to colonize the country and control it through a protectorate. The nations failing economic system and the lands strategic economic and military positioning, especially in relation to the Suez Canal, led to the desire of many European countries to imperialise the nation. Napoleon's foray into Egypt in 1798, in the midst of the French Revolution, began a long string of European adventures in the Middle East, leading to colonization… They wanted these resources because they needed them for manufacturing. When they heard of all of Africa's valuable resources such as gold, ivory, salt and more, they did not hesitate on conquering the land. With this advantage, Britain decided to heavily tax the ships which passed through. This brought them into conflict with the Boers. Britain, France, Italy, Egypt and Ethiopia colonized Somalia. Tensions between Boers and British led to the Boer War of 1899-1902. As a result of the Crimean War, the Ottoman Empire became more reliant on Britain and France because The reason of this essay is to determine how British colonial ruled and gained control on Egypt nation for nearly 40 years and affected it in many ways. These reasons were similar to the reasons why Great Britain colonized other places. The British took over Egypt for some reasons. It wasn't long before British and Egyptian forces clashed with a decisive British victory and by September of 1882, Britain had captured Cairo and occupied Egypt. Egypt first took over the coast in 1875. It was in the year 1882 that Egypt was legitimately ‘acquired’ by Britain, one of Europe’s greatest powers, (The Earl of Cromer, 1908). The British and French controlled all Egyptian finances, railways, ports, post offices, and even the museums (James 269). This Egypt, at the dawn of the 20th century, was a … The Arab chain reaction against Britain started in Egypt, where in July 1952 a group of army officers seized power. Britain, for one, was in control of Somaliland, the Sudan and Egypt, territories whose proximity to Ethiopia allowed the British to make attempts at taking over. The history of Egypt under the British lasts from 1882, when it was occupied by British forces during the Anglo-Egyptian War, until 1956, when the last British forces withdrew in accordance with the Anglo-Egyptian agreement of 1954 after the Suez Crisis. It was colonized at around 1882 due to Orabi, one of the leaders of the Egyptian army, losing. Eventually as time passed, a withdrawal agreement was made that led Egypt to their independence. The British had several reasons to colonize Kenya in 1895. Along with its colonial rivals, Britain was responsible for drawing international boundaries onto Africa in the late 1800s. Egypt gained full independence from the British in 1936. read more colonization. economic imperialism. Egypt's once balanced culture and economy was corrupted and exploited by the powerful British Empire. The British occupation of Egypt had some positive effects on Egypt as a country and in regards to its people. One reason was economic. The land was also good for growing grain and during ancient times, … Rommel stopped at Alamein because his troops were exhausted and almost out of supplies. The British occupied Egypt in 1882, but they did not annex it: a nominally independent Egyptian government continued to operate. economic imperialism. By the end of 1954, Gamal Abdel Nasser had induced Britain to accept total withdrawal by June 1956 and set to work to undermine Britain’s position in Iraq and Jordan. In 1882, the British invaded and conquered Egypt to put down a revolt of Egyptian army officers. In Egypt, the British spent over ten million pounds every year. Greeks also colonized Cyrenaica around the same time. The working and owning class maintained the industrial aspect while the upper class maintained the government and political prospect. This allowed the British government to greedily control Egypt's economic and political decisions, and thus profit largely. In July of 1942, the British were pushed back almost to Alexandria. Britain occupied Egypt in 1882 to ensure that the Suez Canal was protected from any rivals, as it was fundamental in trading with India. Though the Sahara desert is just on the outskirts of Egypt, the soil around the Nile delta is quite fertile and good for growing crops. Britain was responsible […] Britan was engaged in an expansion competition with France, to the degree that French and British colonies settled in North America began in-fighting throughout much of the early 18th century. Some Egyptians resented the European control of their economy and the extortion interest rates of the loans. The British colonized Africa in about 1870. Britain wanted to take over the coast of Somalia, in order to guard the Suez Canal. Why did the British colonize West Africa? Egypt was granted limited independence by the British after the First World War when the Wafd Party launched a revolution against their British overlords in 1922. After the Ottomans decided to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers, Egypt was declared a British protectorate. Egypt was colonized by several civilizations throughout history, including the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Mamelukes, Ottoman Turks, French and British. This essay is a mainly concerned with its economy system during the British colonization in 1882 until Egypt achieved the full independence in 1936. In June 1956 the British troops quit Suez on schedule. Imperial powers have extensive spheres of influence, in which their overwhelming power enables them to coerce or persuade countries to align their policies with the hegemon’s interests. This would make the British sound more formidable and have a better reputation. British occupation: 1882-1914: The dominant figure during the years of the British occupation of Egypt is Evelyn Baring, a member of a long-established British family of bankers. The economic situation of Egypt before its colonization was quite good. Egypt was colonized by England due to a fierce war between the two. He first serves in Egypt from 1877 to 1880 as the British member of the commission responsible for coping with the Egyptian debt. 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