From the Greek mathematician Hypothia (350 AD) to modern day mogul … All Rights Reserved. The name "Colombia" is derived from the last name of the explorer Christopher Columbus. There are a lot of other quirky facts about July 4th as well. Either Llorente obliged them or they made it up: it didn’t matter. By Andrea Gompf. On July 20, 1810, Colombian patriots stirred the population of Bogotá into street protests against Spanish rule. Shutterstock/Rawpixel. Not just hot girls. When is Colombian Independence Day? Across America, people will be celebrating with fireworks, parades, barbeques and other festivities. The experience in self-government eventually led to the creation of the Republic of Colombia. Celebrations of this day include official celebrations such as military parades in major cities, speeches by political leaders, flag hoisting, etc. Colombia only has summer; because there is no winter near the equator, it has sunlight throughout the year. Fun and Quirky July 4th Facts. Guided by patriots like José María Carbonell, the lower classes of Bogota made their way to the main square, where they loudly demanded an open town meeting to determine the future of the city and New Granada. Bogotá, like Quito and Caracas, formed a local ruling council which supposedly would rule until such time as Ferdinand VII was restored to power. 1865) 1928-12-01 José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. Colombia is the happiest country in the world according to the 2013 and the 2014 Barometer of Happiness and Hope. Even within New Granada, there was pressure: the important seaside city of Cartagena had declared independence in May and other small towns and regions had followed suit. Colombia Independence Day: 22 Facts About The Beloved South American Country . Want to deck someone when they tell a cocaine joke referencing Colombia. (Note: The initial ambitious area, in accordance with the Viceroyalty of New Granada and Captaincy of Venezuela, included much more than current Colombia; to differentiate it, historians call thi… Cosmetic surgery and dental care are particularly popular. Colombia is even home to many pre-Columbian archaeological sites … The country is currently the 5th most popular hub for cosmetic surgery. Colombia's Independence Day. The were numerous reasons for independence. The Fourth of July is more than just a celebration of summertime — it’s a time to celebrate our freedom and how far we have come. With the support of the U.S. government, Panama issues a declaration of independence from Colombia. On July 20, 1810, patriots in Bogotá declared their independence by taking to the streets and demanding the Viceroy step down. This was printed from MyColombianRecipes.com. By July of 1810, the city of Bogota was a holdout for Spanish rule in the region. Twitter: @AndreaGompf. We have ten fun facts about the history of Independence Day so you can be reminded as to why we celebrate on The Fourth of July. 1792) 1913-07-19 Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia for one day in 1882, dies at 60; 1920-03-11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. To the economic and social causes are added facts like the vase of Llorente and other detonantes. Colombian Independence Day is celebrated annually on the 20 th July. Therefore, events will take place throughout the country, from the Grand National Concert to a 17-days hike to relive the journey of liberator Simon Bolivar 199 years ago. The intervention of Bogota Mayor José Miguel Pey was necessary to save the skin of the unfortunate Llorente, who was attacked by a mob. The Colombian flag waves proudly on this July 20, celebrating 205 years of independence. Francisco de Paula Santander also would play a decisive role. Due to the country’s high concentration of plant species, Colombia accounts for 70% of cut flowers imported to the United States. Colombia has more endemic species (species that exist only in one country) than any other country in the world including species of butterflies, the most orchid species, the most amphibian species and more species of bird than all of Europe and North America combined. Another great friend, Catalina Alvarez – Owner of Novia Mia. Colombia Independence Day celebrates the country's liberation from Spanish rule. On the morning of the 20th, they would ask well-known Spanish merchant Joaquín Gonzalez Llorente to borrow a flower vase with which to adorn a table for a celebration in honor of Antonio Villavicencio, a well-known patriot sympathizer. 1. Christopher Minster, Ph.D., is a professor at the ​Universidad San Francisco de Quito in Ecuador. The event marks the day that, in 1810, the residents of Bogotá were stirred into protesting on the streets against Spanish rule. 2. It is Colombia's national day and marks the start of the movement to independence from Spain in 1810. Patriots ran through the streets of Bogota, claiming that both Amar y Borbón and Llorente had been rude. Independence and the Patria Boba . Colombia (/ k ə ˈ l ʌ m b i ə / kə- ... the day that is now celebrated as the nation's Independence Day. In fact, it is mandatory for radio and public television to play the national anthem every day at 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Chile's Independence Day: September 18, 1810, The Complete Story of Venezuela's Revolution for Independence, Venezuela’s Declaration of Independence in 1810, Biography of Simon Bolivar, 'Liberator of South America', The "Cry of Dolores" and Mexican Independence, How Latin America Gained Independence from Spain, Caracas had declared provisional independence. If it falls on a weekend, it will not be observed on a weekday. Camacho proceeded to the home of Viceroy Antonio José Amar y Borbón, where the petition for an open town meeting regarding independence was predictably denied. A limited independence, later made permanent, was decreed in the country, freeing Colombia from the Spanish. His refusal would be the excuse to provoke a riot and force the Viceroy to hand power over to the Creoles. His sentiments were echoed by many. Independence Day is a public holiday. Meanwhile, Luís Rubio went to ask Llorente for the flower vase. On July 20, 1810, Colombian patriots stirred the population of Bogotá into street protests against Spanish rule. The Fourth of July. It's imperative that one tries a 'Bandeja Paisa' (traditional dish with white rice, red beans, ground beef, plantain, chorizo, morcilla, chicharron, arepa, avocado and a fried egg) at least once in a lifetime. 1888) Despite its reputation as a drug-peddling dangerous place, in reality, it’s one of the most beautiful countries in the world with a diverse nation that is helpful, hopeful and deeply endearing. The uprising in Bogotá on July 20, 1810, is commemorated as Independence Day in Colombia, although these new governments swore allegiance to Ferdinand VII and did not begin to declare independence until 1811. In 1810, what we now know as Colombia Querida … History of Colombian Independence Day With a mob at his doorstep, Amar y Borbón had no choice but to sign the act which permitted a local ruling council and eventually independence. Well, maybe not, but that's the story told to Colombian schoolchildren when they learn about their country's independence. On August 15, 2017, the Colombian government declared an official end to its conflict with the FARC as the last of the group’s accessible weapons (some 900 weapons remained in caches in remote areas) were turned over to UN representatives. Bogota has South America’s largest network of bicycle routes: over 300km stretching from slum areas and suburbs to the city centre. Colombia’s GDP was $292.1 billion in 2016. A flatbread or thick tortilla made from cornflour and various fillings. Creole leaders sought to centralize authority over the new governments. Belinda @zomppa says. I want to share this video about Colombia to celebrate “El 20 de Julio” Enjoy it! The revolution was engineered by a Panamanian faction backed The law requires the Colombia National Anthem to play on TV and the radio each day at 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. 21. It must be hoisted in all official offices and buildings on July 20 th (Independence Day), August 7 th (Battle of Boyacá Day), October 12 th (Race Day) and November 11 th (Cartagena’s Independence Day). Tuesday, July 9, 2019 ~ Today is the Feast of La Virgen de Chiquinquir á, the patron saint of Colombia. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. To the south, leading citizens of Quito had attempted to wrest control of their government from Spain in August of 1809: this revolt had been put down and the leaders were thrown in a dungeon. Colombia has the biggest salsa festival, biggest theater festival, biggest outdoor horse parade, biggest flower parade and second biggest carnival all over the world. Although I really appreciate the fact that Colombian women hold themselves to a high standard of external beauty, in this post I want to focus on more than just what we see on the outside. Colombians love their national anthem! El 20 de Julio (July 20th) is Colombian Independence Day and to celebrate this year, I decided to write this post. Friday, July 12, 2019 ~ The Colombian Flower Festival Gala (Feria de las Flores de Medellín) is at Terrace in the Park in Flushing Meadows Corona Park, Queens at 8pm. The people of Bogota took to the streets to protest Spanish arrogance. #justsaying. Independence Day in Colombia Is Independence Day a Public Holiday? Education expenditure as a percentage of GDP is one of the highest in Latin America. On this date in 1810, Colombian patriots stirred the population of Bogotá into … Caño Cristales, also referred to as "The Liquid Rainbow," is considered the most colorful river in the world due to ins rock formations and diversity of flora and fauna. Colombia celebrates its Independence Day on Monday, July 20. 07.20.12 at 11:57 am. It’s special cheese that melts. It wasn't until Colombians began fighting the Spanish instead of one another that New Granada would continue on its path to freedom. Colombia Independence Day Traditions and Activities. July 20 – Monday: Colombia Independence Day This holiday is always celebrated on July 20 in Colombia. Colombia, along with many other South American countries, began their struggle for independence … Many of the patriots involved in the conspiracy, such as Carbonell, Camacho, and Torres, went on to become important leaders of Colombia over the next few years. 4. Bogota’s patriots had a plan. The next few years would be marked by such civil strife between the independent regions and cities that the era would become known as the "Patria Boba" which roughly translates as "Idiot Nation" or "Foolish Fatherland." To the east, Caracas had declared provisional independence on April 19. In 1873, 63 years after the signing of the Revolution Act, the date was officially declared as the … This date is still celebrated as Colombia's Independence Day. Bogotá has been named one of the smartest cities with many modern advances like its TransMilenio public transportation and biking routes. Medical tourism is popular in Colombia, due to the high quality of treatment and relatively low cost compared to more developed countries. Although Bogotá had followed Cartagena and other cities in rebellion against Spain, they did not unite. Colombia. The emperor Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain in 1808, imprisoned King Ferdinand VII, and put his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne, infuriating most of Spanish America. Celebrities such as Sofía Vergara, Shakira and Juanes are all Colombians. Colombia Independence Day July 20, 1810. By 1810, the people of New Granada (now Colombia) were unhappy with Spanish rule. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. All eyes turned to Bogota, the seat of the Viceroy. Colombian Independence Day Explained. Colombia is the world's leading source of emeralds and its coffee is world-renown. 18 interesting facts about American Independence Day. July 20, 2013 at 8:06 PM. Apart from that, this is a day celebrated with great enthusiasm by the citizens. Colombia has 58 National Parks, which is the same number as the US. Independence of Cartagena in Colombia Is Independence of Cartagena a Public Holiday? This movement followed the independence of St. Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1804, which provided some support to an eventual leader of this rebellion: Simón Bolívar. Colombian Independence Day is Saturday, July 20, 2019. The Causes of the independence of Colombia Are of different types. Idealists and ambitious provincial leaders desired federation. Colombia National Day, also known as Colombian Independence Day, is now celebrated with military parades, parties, folk music and feasts of traditional food. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. Colombia’s independence culminated in 1819 with the Battle of Boyacá and Simón Bolívar's triumphant entry into Bogotá and is now celebrated with parades, traditional food and drinks and parties all over the nation. Colombians are very patriotic and enjoy celebrating their Independence Day with feasts, traditional food, parades, and parties. Independence Day 2021, 2022 and 2023 The Republic of Colombia celebrates Independence Day on 20 July each year, commemorating the day in 1810 when the country declared its independence from Spain. Try it. Dunk cheese in their hot chocolate. Colombian Independence Day History. The Independence Day celebrations have something to offer for every taste. It was assumed that Llorente, who had a reputation for irascibility, would refuse. On July 20, 1810, an uprising in Bogota is seen as the start for independence in Colombia. Read More Stories From Colombia. The Colombian flag waves proudly on this July 20, celebrating 205 years of independence. These parks cover over 11% of the country. Luiscarlos/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Independence of Cartagena is a public holiday. It is called Independence of Colombia to the multiple events carried out in the Viceroyalty of New Granada from the end of the eighteenth century until the beginning of the nineteenth century. Hot dogs and fireworks may sound like strange things to mention, but after doing some research on Independence Day, we found out that hot dogs and fireworks have a lot to do with America’s holiday. Your email address will not be shared. When Amar y Borbón hesitated, José Acevedo y Gómez made an impassioned speech to the angry crowd, directing them to the Royal Audience, where the Viceroy was meeting with the Creoles. In 1809, New Granada politician Camilo Torres Tenorio wrote his famous Memorial de Agravios (“Remembrance of Offenses”) about repeated Spanish slights against Creoles—native-born descendants of early French, Spanish, and Portuguese settlers—who often could not hold high offices and whose trade was restricted. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Later on, the Revolution Act was signed, and Colombia gained temporary independence, which would later become permanent. Meanwhile, patriot leaders returned to Viceroy Amar y Borbón and tried to get him to consent to a peaceful solution: If he agreed to hold a town meeting to elect a local governing council, they would see to it that he would be part of the council. This holiday is always celebrated on July 20th. The Viceroy, under pressure, was forced to agree to allow for a limited independence which later became permanent. Colombia has quite a few holidays, so every time we had a day off I would ask students if they knew what we were celebrating, and usually, 90% of the class did not know what holiday it was, or the history behind it. We value your privacy. 5. Meanwhile, Joaquín Camacho would go to the Viceregal palace and request an open council: the rebel leaders knew that this, too, would be refused. Here are 25 facts that will make you love the folkloric country even more: © 2020 Latin Times LLC. The event that sparked Colombia's revolt against Spanish rule was the mere smashing of a flower vase. Colombia is now the 3rd largest oil producer in South America. Today, July 20 is celebrated in Colombia as Independence Day. BONUS: Fun Fact About Colombia. Once the people were sufficiently stirred up, Carbonell then took some men and surrounded the local cavalry and infantry barracks, where the soldiers did not dare attack the unruly mob. 44. Celebrate Colombia's Independence With These Colombians We Love! Smart, opinionated, hard-working and generous. Delicious arepas are a super popular snack. July 20, 2016 marks the 206th anniversary of the Colombian independence from Spain! In fact, Colombia is so passionate about its sugar that it went to war with Peru over it. Filed Under: Life Tagged With: Colombia « Batido de Papaya (Colombian Papaya Smoothie) Bollos de Mazorca (Steamed Fresh Corn Rolls) » Comments. The Viceroy, under pressure, was forced to agree to allow for a limited independence which later became permanent. According to Colombian law, the Colombian flag must be visible in all national, department, district and municipal public entities. Hooray!! Even his wife was arrested, mostly to appease the wives of Creole leaders who detested her. Viceroy Amar y Borbón was allowed to sit on the council for a while before being arrested. There are many celebrations around New York City in July. Tomorrow is the 4th of July, which means it is American Independence Day. The Viceroy, under pressure, was forced to agree to allow for a limited independence which later became permanent. Elina Hsiung | Jul 20 2016, 11:58AM EDT. In reality, the day marks the first official step taken towards the country’s freedom, when major cities Bogotá, Quito and Caracas, formed a local ruling council which would supposedly rule until Ferdinand VII was restored to power. The eight-month war, known as the Leticia War, started due to a dispute in the sugar trade. 1840-05-06 Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombian president and independence leader (b. By some accounts, he refused rudely, and by others, he declined politely, forcing the patriots to go to plan B, which was to antagonize him into saying something rude. Facts. Photos of What Daily Life is Like in Colombia The nominal GDP per capita is $14,100. 22 Facts About Colombia On Its Independence Day, Just One ‘Type’ Coronavirus Vaccine Will Not Be Enough: Harvard Researcher, Biden’s Address To America Has Made Things All The More Difficult For Trump, Children Are 'Silent Spreaders' Of COVID-19, New Study Shows, Despite Safety Concerns, Russian Coronavirus Vaccine To Be Tested In Volunteers, Stem Cell Treatment May Help Type-1 Diabetics Soon. The population, already on edge, was easy to incite. Here are 18 interesting facts to share with your friends this Independence Day. The Colombian Declaration of Independence refers to the events of July 20, 1810, in Santa Fe de Bogota, in the Spanish colonial Viceroyalty of New Granada. On this day in 1810, the people took to the streets to protest. In all, more than 8,100 guns and 1.3 million cartridges had been decommissioned. Today is Monday, November 11, 2019, and it’s a national holiday here in Colombia. Nobel Prize winner Gabriel García Márquez and celebrated painter Fernando Botero are from there too. Happy Independence Day to all my Colombian Readers! 1829-30 - Gran Colombia dissolved when Venezuela and Ecuador split off, leaving present-day Colombia and Panama a separate state known as Nueva Granada. The biggest event on the Independence Day will be the Grand National Concert which … They resulted in the establishment of a Junta de Santa Fethat day. Bring up Colombia’s 5-0 win (goleada) against Argentina in 1993. Since writing a series of must try Colombian dishes by category, I’ve received many e-mails from my readers asking for a basic “Top 10 Colombian Dishes” list. Not to mention the fact the match happened IN Buenos Aires, and it helped Colombia classify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the USA. So we thought we’d round them all up in one place for you. Today, July 20 is celebrated in Colombia as Independence Day. With such biodiversity, it is no surprise that Colombia is home to the most endemic species in the world. Independence Day in Colombia is a national holiday and the people don’t work on this day. In reality, it was the sort of measure that cannot be undone, and as such was the first official step on Colombia's path to freedom which would culminate in 1819 with the Battle of Boyacá and Simón Bolívar's triumphant entry into Bogotá. On a day like that in 1810, Colombian patriots stirred the population of Bogotá into street protests against Spanish rule. Colombia is the only country in South America that has a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Would later become permanent 20 in Colombia Owner of Novia Mia was 292.1. 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