endobj 4. endobj In: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. endobj 9 0 obj<> 48, No. Some backgroundorientation will be useful before turning to the details of competingmodels. Summary - Lukes - some problems about rationality 16. Central to his approach is the idea that science enhances understanding by unifying disparate phe­ nomena. Based on theoretical framework, we develop our model by replacing some non-logical vocabulary. 6 0 obj <>stream Moreover, Kitcher supposes that arguments supplied by science will be used in acts of explanation. I think some ideas are interesting and relevant to archaeology. Philip Kitcher, “Explanatory Unification and the Causal Structure of the World,” Scientific Explanation, ed. K. Karaca Kitcher's Explanatory Unification, Kaluza-Klein Theories, and the Normative Aspect of Higher Dimensional Unification in Physics, The British Journal for the Philosophy of … 4 0 obj <>stream Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. _____. 2, 01.06.2012, p. 287-312. Unification here means that one pattern of argument provided by theory can be used in the derivation of a large number of sentences. Kitcher’s model of explanation shares the basic tenet of Friedman’s model, namely, that scientific explanation is a deductive process that proceeds. Summary - Kitcher - explanatory unification 13. First, given that Kitcher proposed his model to provide insight into how scientists (including mathematicians) advance their research, introducing Kitcher’s explanatory unification into 11 0 obj<>>> Based on Hempel’s definition, scientific explanation, especially theoretical explanation, is based on objective understanding that achieved by a systematic unification. Perhaps the currently most serious rivals to Kitcher's theory of ex-planatory unification are causal theories of explanation, such as those of Wesley … Explanatory Unification Philip Kitcher Philosophy of Science, Vol. A presupposition of most recent discussion has been thatscience sometimes provides explanations (rather than something thatfalls short of explanation—e.g., “meredescription”) and that the task of a “theory” or“model” of scientific explanation is to characterize thestructure of such explanations. Oct 6: Kitcher, explanation as unification. Explanatory Unification Philip Kitcher Philosophy of Science, Vol. After a brief summary of the technical details of Kitcher's view, I show that such a unification is unrealizable on the model. Kitcher's Explanatory Unification, Kaluza-Klein Theories, and the Normative Aspect of Higher Dimensional Unification in Physics. / Karaca, Koray . For Kitcher, ‘explanatory unification’ is the kind of unification that scientific theories should exhibit, if they are to provide a unified and systematic description of natural phenomena. In summary, the following statement by Kitcher illustrates very clearly his view of explanatory unification [3]: Oct. 6: Due date for thesis statement (and bibliography) for presentation/paper (see (3) above) Required reading: Kitcher, Philip (1989), "Explanatory Unification and the Causal Structure of the World," in Philip Kitcher and Wesley Salmon (eds. However, Kitcher also recognized asymmetry problem, which means one of the derivations can be used to explain something while the other cannot. Corpus ID: 4974688. Philosophy of Science 48: 507-531. In Scientific explanation, edited by P. Kitcher and W. Salmon , 410-506. The Causal and Unification Approaches to Explanation Unified—Causally. According to Kitcher, explanatory unification is a matter of applying the same “argument pattern” or “pattern of derivation” to derive descriptions of different kinds of explanandum phenomena (Kitcher 1981, 1989). endobj Michael Strevens - 2004 - Noûs 38 (1):154–176. Based on his viewpoint, science provides a reserve of explanatory arguments, which we may select when we need. A schematic sentence here means an expression which obtained by replacing some non-logical expressions in a given sentence with dummy letters. Google Scholar (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 13 0 obj<>>> Introduction The modern study of scientific explanation dates from 1948, the year of the pub­ lication of the pioneering article by C. G. Hempel and Paul Oppenheim. YSq@DIU8)m_H)gO2Y;%Q#f96(W-8XB(tp`MKh.?MH(JnpI[\2n@4RBT(j``6"Q@m6N9bc&KbdHb+fPaX,1Vo1WoJST63k,.hTuNK--1!Uj#M?f-C4%!ThH&.LVPKoqW@B`bPAhXGu$MJL`j@8%*qP'`"ahgQ<0kr&@+k_/lP&naEuXg6NlA]EHn!*R$F3k-bDh+-L)Lm:fRlP.-[.VSfe;Wmj!N%VAN:o8eq^CX+R>Y'M\m'n0Z;ROR&=o3sGF9'<0B)rsVn*%;XmocjFX_BUR*?It9YX]8]R==T12W6REo'[I#cmke##'/@s^L*)[>^sp88[`MZo1KaB!#$CT12mkN?HPDW#VV7QCQ1GYPE*H!k2/&S0*N;@Fl4kBNlM=^q)Ec5%W%/&;Wg9RSa_?'Varr#NX8G0a#tUPDf8W;c>eAn$K4YST&m4W[4SrGnorG'aD\.*8]BGJhDan8c(qXF1,Z`!op8N*#d7"qmA_2uT]QoZ&tHr<9@td$hlu*?]C$%2K&a4fJJEe+%4bajSWrXZN"tFB)=m(XR,FV2`c'6@KPsu_lKY2'TD-?Dd2.IS=Rk\AUu7m>`c'6@KPsu_lKY1(Y@+HGSc@t)0DMf5eQ9Xq?'XW&`E--uY58r@?%'? This page was last modified on 19 April 2015, at 23:50. Despite the genuine interest and power of the theory, I argue here that the theory suffers from a fatal deficiency: It is intrinsically unable to account for the asymmetric structure of explanation, and thus ultimately falls prey to a problem similar to the one which beset Hempel's D-N model. 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