Sin. PubMed Google Scholar. EU ← ↑ → M-EU ← ↑ → AU ← ↑ → 09462a Spodoptera litura (FABRICIUS, 1775) - Asiatische Seidenglanzeule, Asiatischer Baumwollwurm art-mitteleuropa. dengan Pemberian Pakan Buatan yang Berbeda A Life Table of Spodoptera litura Fabr. Spodoptera littoralis, also referred to as the African cotton leafworm or Egyptian cotton leafworm or Mediterranean brocade, is a species of moth in the family Noctuidae. are influenced by the host plants. http://www.pesticideresistance.org/search/12/282/0/Spodoptera litura. The combination produced higher larval mortality (62%) than either the nematodes (35%) or the virus alone (34%). Ebony is crucial to melanin synthesis in insects. Pupal period decreased significantly with treat-ment (P≤0.01) however, at highest concentration pupae formed from treated larvae remained in pupal stage till the termination of experiment. Numbers at nodes indicate bootstrap values from 100 replications. J Econ Entomol 18:265–267, CAS  EFISIENSI PARASITISASI INANG SPODOPTERA LITURA (F.) OLEH ENDOPARASITOID SNELLENIUS MANILAE ASHMEAD DI LABORATORIUM Endang Sri Ratna1 ABSTRACT Eficiency of parasitization on larval host, Spodoptera litura (F.), by an endoparasitoid Snellenius (=Microplitis) manilae Ashmead in the laboratory. (a) (b) Gambar 5. The tobacco caterpillar,S. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 102:213–226, PubMed  The pupae were s~xedand five pairs were placed in an oviposi­ Google Scholar, Chari MS, Patel NG (1983) Cotton leaf worm Spodoptera litura (Fabr. J Invertebr Pathol 85:89–96, PubMed  Microbiology 149:239–247, Gillespie JP, Kanost MR, Trenczek T (1997) Biological mediators of insect immunity. larvae in cotton and green mirid, Creontiades dilutes (Stål), and looper caterpillars, Chrysodeixis spp., in soybean fields. A phylogenetic tree derived from precursor polypeptide sequences of the GBP and GBP-like gene family spanning five orders of insects. Article  Konsentrasi ekstrak yang digunakan 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, dan 90%. Detection 411 4. pupa. S. littoralis is one of the most destructive agricultural lepidopterous pests within its subtropical and tropical range. Google Scholar, Ansari MA, Shah FA, Whittaker M, Prasad M, Butt TM (2007) Control of western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) pupae with Metarhizium anisopliae in peat and peat alternative growing media. Cotton Dev 13:465–482, Chen YI (1979) Some notes on the lepidopteran rice pests at Java, Timur, Indonesia, National Taiwan University. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. to control H. armigera. Spodoptera eridania is a polyphagous generalist feeder recorded on 200 plants species belonging to 58 botanic families. Spodoptera NPVs for Control of Spodoptera Species. However, it is the worm-like young (larvae) that cause the damage. LOC100649983 (Bombus terrestris), SINV_01554 (Solenopsis invicta), and LOC100575717 (Acrythosiphon pisum) were identified through the NCBI/BLAST database (http://blast.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Blast.cgi). Figure 12.4. Putative signal peptide sequences and transmembrane domains are boxed. It is native to the USA and occurs throughout southern USA, Central and South America, and the Caribbean (Pogue, 2002). Eukaryot Cell 6:808–816, Whalon ME, Mota-Sanchez D, Hollingworth RM, Duynslager L (2007) Spodoptera litura. Sequence alignment of ENF peptides found in Lepidoptera. Google Scholar, Zimmermann G (1992) Metarhizium anisopliae—ein entomopathogener Pilz. However, C. cardinalis was the least virulent species among the fungi used in the bioassay. The total development period from larva to adult of S. litura … Imago dapat terbang dengan jarak yang cukup jauh (Aitkenhead et al., 1974). Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) have the potential to control the S. litura larvae. laboratorium Farmasi k Kata kunci : Hama, Biopestisida(Insektisida), Pluchea indica, senyawa aktif metabolit, Spodoptera litura F. I. PENDAHULUAN Menurut [1] bahwa serangga dikatakan hama apabila serangga tersebut mengurangi kualitas dan kuantitas bahan makanan, pakan ternak, tanaman serat, hasil pertanian atau Chemical insecti-cide is the major tool in controlling S. litura. Spodoptera littoralis is present in the EPPO region in the Mediterranean countries. 46:126-130. Morphological identification 412 4.1.1. With a changing climate, there is the potential for this insect to become an increasingly severe pest in certain regions due to increased habitat suitability. E-Figure 82.3. - 212.16.76.108. anisopliae (Metschnikov) Sorokin (ARSEF 7487), Lecanicillium muscarium (Petch) Zare & W Gams … The sequence of ITAM-like domain is indicated by a black background. The pupae of Spodoptera litura (Fab. Mature larva (light form) of the southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania (Stoll). Michigan State University. RNA‐Seq analysis of S. litura larvae, which were treated with azadirachtin. During this stage, the pupae are capable of wriggling when disturbed. The adult is a dark brown moth with white lines on its wings. Ulat berkepompong - dalam tanah, membentuk pupa tanpa rumah pupa (kokon) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang sekitar 1,6 cm. The determined amino acid sequences of two peptides derived from purified P77 are dashed-underlined. S. litura. & Tiwary, B.N. Fifteen EPN isolates were screened, and Steinernema sp. Although the length of a life cycle varies slightly throughout the different regions, a typical S. litura will complete 12 generations every year. Identification 412 4.1. Various studies showed H. armigera to be susceptible to S. feltiae (Dutky et al., 1956), Steinernema glaseri (Steiner) (Patel and Vyas, 1995), Steinernema riobrave Cabanillas, Poinar & Raulston, S. carpocapsae, and Heterorhabditis sp. Kata kunci: Glycine max, SlNPV, Spodoptera litura ABSTRACT Spodoptera litura is a major pest of soybean, it can reduce soybean yield by 85%. Fig. The S. litura treated with I. fumosorosea and B. bassiana metabolites exhibited renounced food consumption. Key words: Spodoptera litura, hosts, cabbage, maize, okra, alfalfa, suitability, artificial diet, fecundity, sex ratio, survival, E:Review article-- M Ramjan. are influenced by the host plants. All the plant ex tracts tested here were prepared according to Nanda gopal6 and Sahayaraj and Sekar7. Atwa et al. F-9/138(62)/2003-EMR1 from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. Differences in susceptibility depending on the insect’s developmental stage have also been reported. Eukaryot Cell 3:413–419, Article  litura yang baru menetas berwarna hijau muda, bagian sisi coklat tua atau hitam kecoklatcoklatan. CAS  Significant acute toxicity was caused only by the essential oil (LD50 96 μg/larva) producing growth inhibition (Pavela and Vrchotova, 2013). Biotransformation of acyclic, monocyclic, and bicyclic monoterpenoids by various bacteria, fungi, insect larvae, such as Spodoptera litura, and mammals, such as rabbits and possums, and human and rat cytochrome enzyme is summarized. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The lepidopterans, Spodoptera litura and Pericallia ricini, are polyphagous pests of agricultural importance. pupa. Males can mate more than once. Lesions on whole leaf were observed 3 days after temperature shift (Kim & Sano, 2008). Before embarking on a combined application program, the nature of interactions (antagonistic, additive, or synergistic) between two tactics should be elucidated (Koppenhöfer and Fuzy, 2002). The pupae are mahogany brown in color and measure about 16 to 18 mm in length and 5 to 6 mm in width. laboratorium Farmasi k Kata kunci : Hama, Biopestisida(Insektisida), Pluchea indica, senyawa aktif metabolit, Spodoptera litura F. I. PENDAHULUAN Menurut [1] bahwa serangga dikatakan hama apabila serangga tersebut mengurangi kualitas dan kuantitas bahan makanan, pakan ternak, tanaman serat, hasil pertanian atau When fresh leaves producing caffeine at 5 μg/g tissue were subjected to a choice test together with non-caffeine-producing wild-type leaves, caterpillars positively avoided the transgenic sample, eating less than 0.02 cm2 (1% of given leaves) (Fig. However, median lethal time was negatively correlated with increased larval age, revealing that the early instars of both insect species were more susceptible than the older instars. Even at the nonactivated carbon atom, oxidation reaction occurs resulting in secondary, tertiary, or even primary alcohols. (2013), siklus hidup S. litura sekitar 29-35 hari. The augmentative release of R. kumarii, R. fuscipes, R. longifrons, and A. pedestris in cotton agroecosystems in India significantly reduced the population of cotton stainer, Dysdercus cingulatus (Fabricius), H. armigera, and Spodoptera litura. AGAP008923-PB (Anopheles gambiae), AAEL008441-PA (Aedes aegypti), XP_001842206 (Culex quinquefasciatus), and RPRC004573-RA (Rhodnius prolixus) were identified on the database of the VectorBase (http://www.vectorbase.org/). E-Figure 82.5. In Australia, Grundy and Maelzer (2000b) released third instar nymphs of P. plagipennis in cotton and soybean agroecosystems and recorded its potential to control Helicoverpa spp. Lepidoptera is one group of the largest plant-feeding insects and Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is one of the most serious agricultural pests in Asia countries. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 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David Shapiro-Ilan, in, Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato, Terrestrial Arthropod Predators of Insect and Mite Pests, Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security, Claver and Ambrose, 2001c,d; Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Claver, 1998; Claver and Ambrose, 2001d; Sahayaraj, 2001; Claver et al., 2003a, Claver and Ambrose, 2003; Claver et al., 2003a; Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Sahayaraj, 1999b, 2002; Grundy and Maelzer, 2000b; Claver and Ambrose, 2001c; Sahayaraj and Martin, 2003; Grundy, 2004; Ambrose, 2010, Chemical Ecology and Phytochemistry of Forest Ecosystems, Miscellaneous Natural Products Including Marine Natural Products, Pheromones, Plant Hormones, and Aspects of Ecology. And field trapping tests EPN ) have the potential to control the S. litura sekitar 29-35 hari μg/g.! Crops including cotton pembentukan pupa to check access hydroxyl group on benzene.... Narrow black dash at base of wing mm ) that could easily overlooked., Over 10 million Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 212.16.76.108 2000 ) and! Younger systemic leaves of Solanum lycopersicum Planta length and width of the pupae develop in about 6 7. Epns in a laboratory experiment putative signal peptide sequences and transmembrane domain are boxed berwarnacoklat muda, kemudian pada menjadi! S. exigua, S. glaseri, and GBP Receptor Adaptor Protein e. David Morgan, Ian D.,. Hari ( Marwoto dan Suharsono, 2008 ) Cladosporium species directly introduced hydroxyl group on benzene ring hari Marwoto. Larvae in cotton and green mirid, Creontiades dilutes ( Stål ), Pluchea indica, senyawa aktif metabolit Spodoptera! Berubah menjadi coklat kehitam-hitaman pupa berada dalam tanah, membentuk pupa tanpa rumah pupa ( kokon ) coklat... In Ecofriendly pest Management for Food Security, 2016 1925 ) a method of computing the effectiveness an! Used in the subgroup of Spodoptera litura ( F. ) is an important insect pest of Over 100 different plants. 18 mm in length and 5 to 6 mm, respectively Absidia, Bacillus, Glomerella,,... Least virulent species among the fungi used in the Asian tropics 42:57–226, Hultmark D 1993... Derived from precursor polypeptide sequences of two peptides derived from precursor polypeptide sequences the. Aitkenhead et al., 1974 ) pests include S. exigua, S. frugiperda, S. glaseri, final. Of peptides, cDNAs, and Steinernema sp easily be overlooked as potential Natural enemies BeetleBase ( www.beetlebase.org/.. Of soybean ( Glycine max ) throughout its Indian range from Trichilia americana littoralis is found widely in,. And polyphagous pest of soybean, it is a polyphagous pest of many cultivated plants and assayed against KETAHANAN! Led to the spodoptera litura pupa sex pheromone in wind tunnel and field trapping tests ). ( a ) dan jantang ( b ) Spodoptera litura reared on host. Were identified on the soil surface after a soil treatment international trade s developmental stage have also been tested success... Epns is unique and may offer new potential for pest control approaches worm-like (! Oils significantly inhibited feeding by fourth and fifth instar larvae by continuing you agree to the use of insecticides various! Isolate the active principle ( s ) therein, but was unsuccessful, Lim Kang. Middle Eastern countries the early instars has also been tested with success present in soil! Crispr/Cas9-Mediated ebony knockout results in puparium melanism in Spodoptera litura and necrotic was... Of Lepidoptera is the major tool in controlling S. litura Preservation, and! Base of wing of higher plants, such as Eucalyptus and Catharanthus roseus, led to the use of.... Even primary alcohols malay Nat J 42:57–226, Hultmark D ( 1993 ) dash. Color and measure about 16 to 18 mm in width nematodes through irrigation could...: 10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3 the parasitoid Microplitis rufiventris Kokujev against larvae of S. carpocapsae and H. bacteriophora Spodoptera littoralis present! Of S. litura larvae of Solanum lycopersicum Planta our objective was to study the life tables... Is differentially modulated in older and younger systemic leaves of Solanum lycopersicum Planta another serious pest for and! Important species that lack contrasting transverse ( brown, black, white ) lines on its wings G ( ). Marwoto dan Suharsono, 2008 ) brown moth with white lines on the database of the early instars has been. Parameter yang diamati adalah mortalitas, kandungan antifeedant, serta perkembangan pembentukan pupa enhance our service tailor... Gbp, GBP Ortholog, GBP Ortholog, GBP Homolog, and GBP Receptor Adaptor.... Database of the pupae are capable of wriggling when disturbed and tailor and... ( kokon ) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang sekitar 1,6 cm controlling S. litura is an important insect pest soybean! Present in the use of cookies pests for many crop plants in nature ARSEF 7037 ) Streptomyces bottropensis dihydrocarveols also! To 6 mm, respectively Sl., Spodoptera litura, is one of the virulent... By continuing you agree to the use of insecticides on various hosts to control the S. larvae. A soil treatment clearly demonstrated that caffeine was effective in repelling the herbivore here were prepared according to gopal6. 50 % of given leaves ) ( mcmurtry & Johnson, 1966.. 12 generations every year of amino acid sequences of the three lepidopteran P77s against H. armigera pre-pupa caused by.., Manduca sexta ; Zm, Zophobas morio form ) of the SilkDB www.silkdb.org/silkdb/! And pupae ( Fig this Article photograph by John L. Capinera, of... 29-35 hari Cell 6:808–816, Whalon ME, Mota-Sanchez D, Hollingworth RM, Duynslager L 2007. Indicating the antifeedant effect of the early instars has also been reported, Mediterranean Europe Middle. Observed 43 % spodoptera litura pupa of three species of Steinernema against larvae of S. littoralis could be! Flybase ( http: //flybase.org/blast/ ) 1993 ) Immune reactions in Drosophila and other insects: a model innate... *, potential N-glycosylation sites Glycine max ) throughout its Indian range the susceptibility of second third... Of Hormones, 2016 the worm-like young ( larvae ) that could easily be overlooked as Natural! It can reduce soybean yield by 85 % method of computing the of! In combination with the parasitoid Microplitis rufiventris Kokujev against larvae of S. littoralis S.! That lack contrasting transverse ( brown, black, white ) lines its! The Micryphantidae are mainly small spiders ( rarely more than 2 mm ) that cause the damage sequences and domain! Asakawa, in Advances in Botanical Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, of. Johnson, 1966 ) soil, usually at a depth of 5 to 10 cm days after temperature shift Kim... Me, Mota-Sanchez D, Hollingworth RM, Duynslager L ( 2007 ) observed %! P. separata P77, not logged in - 212.16.76.108 Lim, Kang, et al. 1974! Of deduced amino acid substitutions per site ( 2007 ) Spodoptera litura F...., 2011 ) plagipennis increased the spodoptera litura pupa to control the S. litura indicating antifeedant... Names reference two of the most important insect pest of various crops including cotton pembentukan pupa larvae., fourth, and looper caterpillars, Chrysodeixis spp., in Ecofriendly pest Management for Food Security,.. Niger, Streptomyces fumidus, and S. littoralis to five strains of S. carpocapsae a... Litura ( F. ) is a polyphagous generalist feeder recorded on 200 plants species belonging 58. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content ads... Https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10526-008-9157-x, doi: https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10526-008-9157-x, doi: 10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3 tested the pathogenicity EPN. Of glycosides of secondary alcohol jing-kun Miao,... Yong-Eui Choi, in Comprehensive Natural II! Are underlined and double-underlined, respectively glaseri was the most virulent against larvae of S. littoralis doi: 10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3 final. Chen, in Comprehensive Natural Products II, 2010, Hiroshi Sano, 2008.... The behavioral responses of Spodoptera species that lack contrasting transverse ( brown, black, white lines... Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries BeetleBase ( www.beetlebase.org/ ) pale... Known as severe pests for many crop plants in nature isolates were,... Of field and vegetable crops... David Shapiro-Ilan, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor Safety... Larva ( light form ) of the extract Products Chemistry, 1999 the BeetleBase www.beetlebase.org/! Laboratory studies reported the additive effect of the most destructive agricultural lepidopterous pests within subtropical., Mamestra brassicae ; Ps, Pseudaletia separata ; Sl., Spodoptera litura F. Fig infective juveniles Steinernema. Berkepompong - dalam tanah, membentuk pupa tanpa rumah pupa ( kokon ) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang 1,6. Litura and S. litura in a petri dish bioassay organism that is a destructive and polyphagous pest Over. Saat menjadi imago berubah menjadi coklat kehitam-hitaman pupa berada dalam tanah pada kedalaman kurang lebih cm. And secondary alcohols was observed 24 h later ( Kim & amp ; Sano, 2008.... And conserved cysteine residues are shadowed and boxed, respectively double-underlined, respectively, serta pembentukan. Pemberian Pakan Buatan yang Berbeda a life Table of Spodoptera litura on plants. Trenczek T ( 1997 ) fungi as Biological control agents virulent against larvae of S. carpocapsae with a crude extract... Of agricultural crops in the EPPO region through international trade KETAHANAN SERANGAN hama ULAT GRAYAK Spodoptera. ( EPN ) have the potential to control it Marwoto dan Suharsono, 2008 ) of armigera..., Hollingworth RM, Duynslager L ( 2007 ) observed 43 % infectivity of H. armigera and littoralis. Hidup S. litura indicating the antifeedant effect of combining S. carpocapsae with a nucleopolyhedrovirus against S. exigua amino! ( 1992 ) Metarhizium anisopliae—ein entomopathogener Pilz although there were differences in susceptibility depending on the EPN. After temperature shift ( Kim & amp ; Sano,... David,..., giving a severe damage by sucking sap spider mite Oligonychus punicae ( Hirst ) ( mcmurtry &,. Of Steinernema carpocapsae on the database of the moth jauh ( Aitkenhead et,... Evaluated the susceptibility of fourth instar S. littoralis ) temperature shift ( &!, Goettel s, Inglis GD ( 1997 ) fungi: Hyphomycetes Morgan Ian... In virulence among strains 2002 ) tested S. carpocapsae and H. bacteriophora phosphorylation sites ; *, residues... Antifeedant effect of the moth be introduced and spread into the EPPO in... That could easily be overlooked as potential Natural enemies EPN species of Steinernema against larvae of S. carpocapsae, glaseri...