Properties of horse chestnut. for postoperative oedema. Much more important is the escin component (the active compound), which should be between 100–150 milligrams per day. Like many poisonous plants, it can have useful medicinal properties when properly prepared. Quality, curing and season The value of a chestnut is based primarily on its size and most nuts are sold fresh in the shell. [9], The common name horse chestnut originates from the similarity of the leaves and fruits to sweet chestnuts, Castanea sativa (a tree in a different family, the Fagaceae), together with the alleged observation that the fruit or seeds could help panting or coughing horses. Horse chestnut trees, also called conkers, are popular to the UK and unlike sweet chestnuts, conkers mildly poisonous. In: EOLspecies, Bee trees – Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), "The Discovery and Rediscovery of the Horse Chestnut", "Conkers - collected for use in two world wars", "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Aesculus hippocastanum", "Spiders vs conkers: the definitive guide", National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, "Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency", "Anne Frank's 'beautiful' tree felled by Amsterdam storm", "Anne Frank tree falls over in heavy wind, rain", "Saplings from Anne Frank's tree take root in US", "Thujoy Khreshchatyk". [19], Aesculus hippocastanum is affected by the leaf-mining moth Cameraria ohridella, whose larvae feed on horse chestnut leaves. Horse chestnuts can be toxic and cause serious gastrointestinal problems if consumed raw by humans. The oblong flower clusters feature a blotch of color at the base which starts yellow and ends as more of a reddish color. Making Laundry Soap from Horse Chestnuts and Buckeye nuts. Hmm, could there be a poisonous variety of chestnut, I thought? The old maxim 'the poison is in the dose' precisely describes how too much of anything can be bad for us. Sweet chestnuts (castanea family) are the roasting nuts in a popular Christmas carol. The usual dose of horse chestnut in capsule form is 1 capsule every 12 hours before a meal. Cultivation for its spectacular spring flowers is successful in a wide range of temperate climatic conditions provided summers are not too hot, with trees being grown as far north as Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, the Faroe Islands, Reykjavík, Iceland and Harstad, Norway. Take the capsule with a full glass of water. The leaf scars left on twigs after the leaves have fallen have a distinctive horseshoe shape, complete with seven "nails". Aesculus hippocastanum, the horse chestnut,[1][2][3] is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. The tree was well established as a «healer», but in spite of this, improper use, cause this disease, as poisoning a horse-chestnut. Horse chestnuts are in an entirely different botanical family from the well-known sweet chestnut tree, Castanea vesca.Horse chestnuts exist in nature as both a tree and a shrub, and are found in all … During the First World War, there was a campaign to ask for everyone (including children) to collect the seeds and donate them to the government. The Food and Drug Administration considers the whole horse chestnut to be an unsafe herb. [20], In Germany, they are commonly planted in beer gardens, particularly in Bavaria. It is concluded that aescin has excellent tolerability in a clinical setting. It is widely cultivated in streets and parks throughout the temperate world, and has been particularly successful in places like Ireland, Great Britain and New Zealand, where they are commonly found in parks, streets and avenues. Aesculin (or esculin) is a toxic substance in horse chestnut. The conkers were used as a source of starch for fermentation using the Clostridium acetobutylicum method devised by Chaim Weizmann to produce acetone for use as a solvent for the production of cordite, which was then used in military armaments. It can grow to be about 15 feet and as tall as 50 feet under the right conditions in the wild. (Aescin is a different compound and is considered to be safe.) Such toxicity can lead to death, although individuals are more likely to experience side effects such as salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, convulsions, a breakdown of red blood cells along with circulatory and respiratory failure. … The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. The practice of serving beer at these sites evolved into the modern beer garden. ... Saponins are mildly toxic and that is the reason horse chestnuts and buckeye are not edible in their raw state. It does not take much to get a lethal dose. Horse chestnut, also known as Ohio Buckeye, an ornamental tree that is common to urban and rural areas, is one which can be toxic to your horse when any part of it is ingested. Gastrointestinal Colic has been the main problem … A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? I only ate enough to maybe … The chemicals in horse chestnuts can also keep moths away. Although not dangerous to touch, they cause sickness when eaten; consumed by horses, they can cause tremors and lack of coordination. Conkers vary in size depending on how long they’re left to grow on the tree, how old the horse chestnut tree is and the season’s growing conditions (i.e. Reply. [22][23] Primary indication is chronic venous insufficiency. In a selected number of cases paraaminohippurate and labelled EDTA clearance were also measured. In supplement form, horse chestnut is generally suggested at doses between 400–600 milligrams per day, divided into two dosage times, 12 hours apart. Horse chestnut also contains a substance called aescin (or escin), which is thought to produce the beneficial effects noted in experiments. Horse Chestnut seeds are toxic to both … The moth was described from North Macedonia where the species was discovered in 1984 but took 18 years to reach Britain. I hardly heard of them: just vaguely remember some homeopathic toner I bought with their bark listed as an ingredient. [18], Though the seeds are said to repel spiders there is little evidence to support these claims. [21], The seed extract standardized to around 20 percent aescin (escin) is used for its venotonic effect, vascular protection, anti-inflammatory and free radical scavenging properties. In Britain and Ireland, the seeds are used for the popular children's game conkers. These nuts may lead to death when consumed in raw form, according to the National Institutes of Health. These nuts may not be lethal, but they are toxic and easily confused with the unrelated and edible chestnut, as they have the same shape, alluring sheen and are housed within an accessory fruit. Standardized horse chestnut seed extracts, from which this component has been removed, appear to be safe for short-term use. The herb appears to increase the elasticity and tone of the veins while decreasing vein permeability. [13] However, it can be found in many parts of Europe as far north as Gästrikland in Sweden, as well as in many parks and cities in the northern United States and Canada. in Little Rock, and two Holocaust Centers. Source: Bob Richmond. One of them was planted outdoors in March 2013 in front of the Children's Museum of Indianapolis, where they were originally quarantined. 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