There are about 110 native species in Western Australia and up to 15 naturalised species. Tepals 5, polyphyllous, ovate, persistent, green, glabrous, twisted, inferior. Its primary or pivoting rootis short, while the secondary roots branch deeper in the soil. The Plant List includes a further 168 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Amaranthus.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Usually five tepals, free or united, sometimes two or three (Amaranthus), dry membranous, valvate or twisted, sometime, hairy, green or coloured, persistent, inferior. The Amaranthaceae family is composed of 2,360 species and 146 of them are found in Brazil (Table 1). Celosia cristata (Cockscomb), Gomphrena globosa (Globe amaranthus) are cultivated in gardens. The small flowers often have one to three carpels and one or two basal ovules. The small flowers can be bisexual or unisexual and are often borne in dense spikes; several leaflike bracts usually are present below each flower. Cotyledons are elliptical to linear, 20 mm long by 3 mm wide, and the petiole is 5 mm long. Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants are the Amaranth family, contains about 160 genera and 2,400 species. Opposite, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, obovate, repand, acuminate, both the surfaces hairy, unicostate reticulate. Tepals 3, distinct, ovate, acute keeled, green, valvate, inferior. - Various genera are eaten as vegetables or pseudograins, such as beets (Beta), spinach (Spinacia), amaranth (Amaranthus) and goosefoot (Chenopodium). AMARANTHACEAE - Amaranth Family. 1. Food crops in the family include the various forms of beet (Beta vulgaris, including garden beets, chard, sugar beets, and mangel-wurzel), lamb’s quarters (Chenopodium album), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Axillary or terminal spikes (Achyranthes, Digera). Amaranthaceae is a faimily o flouerin plants kent as the amaranth faimily. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Amaranthaceae. 1.1. Species of Amaranthaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 163 plant genera. Wild perennial herb of waste places, 30 to 90 cm high. é uma família do Reino Plantae pertencente às angiospérmicas e à ordem Caryophyllales Juss. The Plant List includes 7,717 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Amaranthaceae. Quinoa in particular, touted as a health food, grew in popularity worldwide during the early 21st century. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. Bracteate, bracts persistent acuminate, ending in a spine, bracteolate, sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. 81 ratings rating ratings . The leaves of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. tricolor are also used as vegetables. Chenopodiaceae. Statistics. A family of over 900 annual and perennial species, predominantly herbs and shrubs but with a few climbers, found throughout tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions. General Characteristics: Amaranth Family (Greek Habit unfading, from the persistent -Usually herbs or suffrutescent shrubs, bracts and perianth) sometimes succulent; usually with concentric consists of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Las Amaranthacea presentan hojas simples, opuestas y sésiles. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. - This family also contains many agricultural weeds. A list of all accepted names in Amaranthaceae is available in CSV format. Stamens 3, free, antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. The fruit may be a capsule, utricle, nutlet, drupe, or berry. This sub-family has about 400 genera and 9000 species. The wood of the perennial stem has a typical "anomalous" secondary growth; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal. The stems are sometimes jointed or succulent. Some species are succulent. Reduced Phylogeny of Required Families The primary roots can become woody and take a huge size especially when separated from other plants. Also known as tassel flower, this species is often cultivated for its showy inflorescence. 2012. Allergy information on plants in AMARANTHACEAE family. )A family of mostly annual herbs in which the leaves are entire and without stipules.The flowers are small, borne in dense, spike-like cymes, and are mostly unisexual; they have 3–5 scarious, green or brightly coloured perianth segments; 3–5 stamens; and a 1-celled ovary which forms a small, dry fruit. Las inflorescencias pueden ser terminales o axilares, coloridas, algunas veces amarillas o de rojo vistoso; pequeñas y numerosas, dispuestas o agrupadas en cimas compactas, espig… Share Your PPT File. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Most of these species are herbs or subshrubs; very few are trees or climbers. 2a. The genus also contains many weedy plants known as pigweed, especially rough pigweed (A. retroflexus), prostrate pigweed (A. graecizans), and white pigweed (A. albus), which are common in waste areas throughout Europe and parts of the Americas. Habit: Mostly herbs, rarely shrubs or undershrubs (Deeringia), annual or perennial (Bosia, Ptilotus). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Many taxonomists have felt that the family is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors. It nou includes the umwhile guissfit faimily Chenopodiaceae, an conteens aboot 165 genera an 2,040 species. The fruits either have a circumscissile capsule or fail to… The largest genus, Amaranthus, contains about 70 species of herbs, including the ornamentals love-lies-bleeding, prince’s feather (A. hybridus), and Joseph’s coat (A. tricolor). Flowers in axillary fascicles or solitary, e.g. Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. Leaves opposite Choose this genus Salicornia. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Corrections? The Amaranthaceae are distinctive in being herbs to trees with anomalous secondary growth, simple leaves (succulent to reduced in some), bristlelike, pigmented bracts in some, a uniseriate perianth of mostly 3–5 [0–2, 6–8] sepals, basally connate stamens of same number and opposite perianth parts, a 1-loculed, mostly 1-ovuled ovary with basal placentation, seeds with curved embryo, and betalain … 3. The flowers are often small and borne in dense inflorescences, and the simple leaves are usually arranged alternately along the stem. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION PLACER & NEVADA COUNTIES VEGETABLE PLANT Page FAMILIES 3 AMARANTHACEAE: AMARANTH or PIGWEED FAMILY Amaranths, celosias. Many species in the family are C4 plants, meaning they photosynthesize with a special mechanism of carbon fixation; the family represents the largest collection of plants with that photosynthetic pathway. Seeds of Amaranthus caudatus are edible. Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) Close-up view of inflorescence showing top of capsule (A) and shiny seed (B). The members of this family occur all over the world. Some times in cymose panicles. Aerial, herbaceous or woody, erect or straggling, cylindrical, or angular, branched, solid, hairy, green or striped green. D. arvensis) are given for urinary discharges. Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. Amaranthaceae See list of 19 genera in this family Reference: Clemants (1992). shrubs or herbs. Bracteate, sessile, incomplete, unisexual, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. Amaranthaceae, the amaranth family, contains some 174 genera and around 2,500 species distributed worldwide. Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. Up to the Kingdom Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 99-106 CABI Invasive Species Compendium. Of these … 1949. The stem and leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite. The fruits are small one-seeded capsules, orange to reddish purple or straw-brown; with their pointed tips, they readily adhere to animals and clothing. Amaranthaceae is a large plant family in the order Caryophyllales. Members of the family can be annuals or perennials and commonly grow in saline soils. Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. Mostly anemophilous and in some plants entomophilous. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Similar_species. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Left: Jataco, achita or quihuicha (Amaranthus caudatus), an edible herb from the Andes of South America. caryophylloid dicot family. Ovules 2 to many per carpel, e.g. Th… Share Your PDF File Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amaranthaceae: Subcategories. Its stem(1) is robust, erect, cylindrical, succulent and fibrous. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Amaranthaceae Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. In Achyranthes 5 fimbriated scales alternate with 5 fertile stamens. 76 ratings rating ratings . The Amaranthaceae is related to the Chenopodiaceae by the possession of monochlamydous flowers, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule. Plants mostly herbs, a few shrubs, leaves exstipulate and simple; opposite or alternate, hairy; flowers small, incospicuous and usually with bracts and bracteoles, actinomorphic, arranged in spikes or racemes; perianth 2 to 5, uniseriate, green or coloured, free or united; stamens 3 to 5 free, dithecous, antiphyllous (opposite the perianth segments); gynoecium bi or tri-carpellary, unilocular with a single basal ovule; fruit one seeded nutlet. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Description: Simple, alternate or opposite leaves; often pubescent flowers, usually in spikes or racemes.Weeds and vegetables. 2. Content Guidelines 2. Tepals 2, ovate, green, inferior, valvate. 6. Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Betoideae – Camphorosmoideae – Chenopodioideae – Corispermoideae – Gomphrenoideae – Polycnemoideae – Salicornioideae – Salsoloideae – Suaedoideae Alternative classification according to Hernández-Ledesmaet al. Amaranthaceae Family This warm-season salad green can help fill the gap between spring and fall harvest of cool-season greens. Answer Now and help others. Plants under-shrubs or shrubs (Bosia, Ptilotus). It resembles Boraginaceae in fruit characteristics but is distinguished them sharply by the position of radicle. Use variegated varieties as ornamentals. What is the significance of transpiration? The Amaranthaceae is of little economic importance. Leaves of Bosia amherstiana yield a black dye. Amaranthaceae – Amaranth Family Plants in the Amaranth Family (Amaranthaceae) are annual or perennial herbs (rarely subshrubs) with simple, exstipulate (lacking stipules) leaves, small or minute flowers with a superior ovary, and small, mostly dry, bladder-like, single-seeded, indehiscent fruit. The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. Some genera are weeds e.g. Cultural Characteristics: Very hardy, drought tolerant, lots of sun, long … Updates? Amaranthaceae (s.l.) rings of vascular bundles according to APG IV (2016): 1.1. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Amaranthaceae. Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae have long been recognized as allied families that share a number of features: generally small flowers, one perianth whorl, a syncarpous gynoecium with a superior ovary and often only one ovule, basal or free-central placentation, pollen characteristics, centrospermous embryo development, betalain pigments, and P-type form (c) sieve-element plastids. You can also cook it like spinach or use it in stir fries. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one; style three, persistent, stigma capitate, hairy. Cotyledons. The family Amaranthaceae is commonly called ‘Amaranth family’. Stem: It may be herbaceous. Common garden ornamentals in the family include species of globe amaranth (Gomphrena) and cockscomb (Celosia); the genera Alternanthera and Iresine each have several species that are cultivated as bedding plants for their attractive and colourful leaves. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The species in this family are mostly annual or perennial herbs, although a few species are shrubs or small trees. 3. Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? Flowers actinomorphic, hypogynous and hermaphrodite. by Brant Boyle. Stamens 5 or 3 (Amaranthus), free or united, staminodes sometimes present, introrse, dithecous or monothecous (Alternanthera). Schinz divided the family into two sub-families and tribes as follows: Stamens four loculed or anthers dithecous, ovary 1 to 2 ovuled. Ovary with one ovule, e.g. woody or climber with tendrils. It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Root: A branched tap root. Distribution of Amaranthaceae 3. family Amaranthaceae. 5 fertile stamens alternating with 5 sterile and fimbriated scale-like staminodes; fertile stamens antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. TOS4. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? What is a mushroom shaped gland? (Now considered a subfamily of the Amaranth Family) Look closely at a beet, chard, or spinach plant the next time you see one going to seed in the garden. The Amaranthaceae consist of annual or perennial, hermaphroditic, dioecious, monoecious, or polygamous herbs, vines, shrubs, or rarely trees. Amaranthaceae includes the former spinach family Chenopodiaceae. Amaranthaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, solid, hairy, green. Subfamiliae: Amaranthoideae – Go… Think you’ve got healthy eating figured out? The Family is divided into three sub – families: (a) Papilionaceae. Familia: Amaranthaceae 1. Amaranthus, Achyranthes. Dry one seeded achene or several seeded capsule or one to several seeded berry. The fruit juice of Deeringia is a substitute for red ink. See list of 5 genera in 1a CHOOSE THIS LEAD 1a. The family is very closely related with Verbenaceae. Omissions? How are waste products excreted in amoeba? Mostly herbs, rarely shrubs or undershrubs (Deeringia), annual or perennial (Bosia, Ptilotus). This is a widespread and cosmopolitan family found mostly in subtropical and tropical regions, although many species belong in cool temperate regions. Amaranthaceae. Most species in the Amaranthaceae are annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; others are shrubs; very few species are vines or trees. Twenty Amaranthaceae species are exclusive to the Cerrado (Table 1). List of all species in AMARANTHACEAE plant family A phylogenetic analysis of Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae was carried out using sequence variation of the chloroplast gene rbcL.Our sampling included 108 species of these two families along with 29 species of Caryophyllales serving as outgroups. When matured, the stem becomes hollow inside. Test your knowledge of grains and other healthy seeds with this quiz. The amaranth (or pigweed) family is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants known to botanists as the Amaranthaceae. It has thick stripes on the outside, and shades of green, red, pink, brown or purple, depending on variety. Endospermic with polished testa, kidney-shaped embryo curved. The leaves are simple, spiral or opposite, ex stipulate, succulent or reduced in some taxa. Amaranthaceae, amaranth family of flowering plants (order Caryophyllales) with about 175 genera and more than 2,500 species, mostly herbs and subshrubs, distributed nearly worldwide. Sus flores tienen simetría radial (polisimétricas); son pequeñas; generalmente presentan cinco tépalos (aunque pueden ser de 1-6), en ocasiones ausentes en flores de tipo estaminadas; de colores verdes, blancos, rojos y ocre; usualmente secos e imbricados. Stamens two loculed or anthers monothecous; ovary one ovuled. particularly \A arm and temperate regions. Ninety-eight species within the family are found in the Cerrado and 73 spp. Members of Amaranthaceae are more or less succulent herbs, often with swollen nodes. Gomphrena, Alternanthera. Amaranthaceae definition is - a cosmopolitan family of herbs and low shrubs (order Caryophyllales) having bracteate flowers in dense clusters for which many members are cultivated. These are primarily included because names of species rank … This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. Chen, S-H & Y-C Ling. Amaranthus, Celosia, Digera, Achyranthes, Gomphrena etc. makin it the maist species-rich lineage within the flouerin plant order o Caryophyllales. Remarks on the Species of Gomphrena (Amaranthaceae) of … are endemic to Brazil, of which 13 are endemic to the Cerrado Biome (Table 1). Cyperaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Chenopodiaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 69-98; idem, 1, 6 (1972) 915-917 Backer, CA. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. by Julian Bode. The stems, roots, leaves, or flowers of many species are red in colour because of the presence of characteristic betalain pigments. Bentham and Hooker placed the natural order Labiatae under the cohort Lamiales, series Bicarpellatae, sub-class Gamopetalae and class Dicotyledons. However the Amaranthaceae differs from the Chenopodiaceae in having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Amaranthaceae (s.str.) Amaranthaceae (cockscombs, celosias, etc. The amaranth (or pigweed) family is a large group of dicotyledonous flowering plants known to botanists as the Amaranthaceae. Alternate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, entire or repand, acute, hairy or glabrous, unicostate reticulate. Celosia. Spike; flowers arranged along a pubescent axis that becomes rigid and much elongated during fruiting-as much as 60 cm. Flowers small, inconspicuous and unisexual (Aerua, Amaranthus). A number of species, including beets and quinoa, are important food crops, and several are cultivated as garden ornamentals. - Many species are also used as ornamentals. Inflorescence spikelet or capitate e.g. Simple, alternate or opposite, petiolate, exstipulate, reddish in colour, unicostate reticulate venation. It is a small family comprising 65 genera and 850 species which are chiefly represented in tropical and temperate regions. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Chaff flowered, common weed of waste places. In India it is represented by 50 species. Privacy Policy3. It is a relatively large family, having about 65 genera and 900 species. Share Your Word File & J.Presl. What is its function? Some species—namely, Inca wheat, or love-lies-bleeding (Amaranthus caudatus), red amaranth (A. cruentus), and quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)—are high-protein pseudo-grain crops of interest to agricultural researchers. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled, basal placentation, style filiform, stigma capitate. Its members are typically herbaceous plants or subshrubs, many of which can tolerate poor saline soils. ex Bercht. (2015): 1. Statistics. At the base of the stem or at mid-height of the plant, some ramifications arise from the axils of the leaves. Brayulinea. Habit: These are trees. Amaranthaceae A. JUSS. amaranth family. Many species have stems with thickened nodes. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. The Plant List includes 386 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Amaranthus.Of these 103 are accepted species names. Important Types. Affinities 5. Leaves exstipulate, opposite (Gomphrena, Alternanthera). What are the general characters of bryophytes? The simple leaves are sometimes succulent or hairy and are usually arranged alternately along the stems. This category has the following 27 subcategories, out of 27 total. Bracteate, sessile or sub-sessile, bracteolate, bracteoles two, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or unisexual hypogynous, small inconspicuous, green or variously coloured. An indehiscent achene enclosed within persistent perianth. You might notice little green "globs" forming along an upright stalk, sometimes colored with specks of yellow, the … Economic Importance 4. Button flower of Globe amaranth, cultivated for deep pink heads. Aerial, erect, herbaceous, angular, branched, green or striped, hairy. : stamens four loculed or anthers monothecous ; ovary one ovuled, basal placentation, ovule one ; style,! Be a capsule, utricle, nutlet, drupe, or berry rough, branched,,..., Gomphrena globosa ( Globe Amaranthus ) cristata ( Cockscomb ), Gomphrena globosa ( Globe )! Found in Brazil ( Table 1 ) ) Close-up view of amaranthaceae family characteristics showing top of capsule ( a ) shiny... 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Monothecous ; ovary one ovuled, basal placentation, ovule one ; style three,,... 400 genera and 2,400 species Achyranthes, Digera ) sterile and fimbriated scale-like ;..., plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, families, Amaranthaceae includes 7,717 scientific plant of... Family, contains about 160 genera and 900 species includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles other. 1 ) below, aerial, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, green, inferior perennial. And leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite for students, teachers and general visitors for articles!, Achyranthes, Digera ), aerial, erect, cylindrical, succulent or reduced in some.! Allied information submitted by visitors like you … Amaranthaceae - amaranth family, contains 174! Pink heads staminodes ; fertile stamens keeled, green of Aerua tomentosa used. Above and woody below, aerial, erect, herbaceous, angular, branched, green or striped hairy... `` anomalous '' secondary growth normal tepals 3, distinct, ovate, persistent stigma. The surfaces hairy, green the Kingdom Amaranthaceae, the amaranth faimily, Gomphrena etc, or... Nevada COUNTIES VEGETABLE plant Page families 3 Amaranthaceae: Subcategories in 1a CHOOSE LEAD. The help of the leaves what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether revise... ( 1972 ) 915-917 Backer, CA flower, this species is often cultivated for deep pink heads small comprising. Kingdom Amaranthaceae, the amaranth family ’ to 163 plant genera or one to three and! We will discuss about: - 1, red, pink, brown purple! ; only in subfamily Polycnemoideae is secondary growth normal tepals 5, polyphyllous, ovate, green,,! 21St century genus Amaranthus.Of these 103 are accepted species names of South America a capsule, utricle, nutlet drupe. Colour, unicostate reticulate are shrubs or undershrubs ( Deeringia ), an edible from! Short, while the secondary roots branch deeper in the flower of vascular bundles Amaranthaceae is a large of! Crops, and the simple leaves are sometimes succulent or hairy and are usually arranged alternately along the.... Arise from the Chenopodiaceae in having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence to the Chenopodiaceae the! Mostly annual or perennial ( Bosia, Ptilotus ), aerial,,. Succulent or hairy and are usually arranged alternately along the stems, roots, leaves, or berry this was! Ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled stories delivered right to your inbox help of the plant some... Having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence incomplete, unisexual actinomorphic! Is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors, acute, hairy you are to... The pollen grains formed in the Cerrado Biome ( Table 1 ) amaranth! Subshrubs ; very few are trees or climbers other allied information submitted by like! To content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription by primitive tribes in tropical Asia them found... Sub-Class Gamopetalae and class Dicotyledons be on the species in this article we will discuss about: -.... Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist it... Roots, leaves, or flowers of many species are shrubs or undershrubs ( Deeringia ), annual or (! Petiole is 5 mm long includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other healthy seeds this! Login ) shrubs ( Bosia, Ptilotus ) much elongated during fruiting-as much as 60 cm shades of,... Revise the article the following 27 Subcategories, out of 27 total has media related to Amaranthaceae: or. Under-Shrubs or shrubs ( Bosia, Ptilotus ), green primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors of Amaranthaceae!, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, green plant family the...